Conflict, Environment, Gold Mining, Health, Indigenous Communities, Indigenous Peoples, Mercury, National Parks, Pollution, Protected Areas, Rainforest People, Rivers, Tropical Rivers, Uncontacted Tribes, Water Pollution The Yurí and the Passé are the two indigenous tribes identified as living in a natural state in the Colombian Amazon. There are indications that some 15 other such tribes exist in the region.Mercury from illegal gold mining contaminates the rivers surrounding the protected area where the Yurí and the Passé live in isolation.In addition to the contamination, mafia groups and attempts by evangelists at making contact threaten the isolated tribes. This story originally appeared on Mongabay Latam as part of a special series on threats facing isolated indigenous peoples in Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, and Venezuela. Other stories in the series available in English:Mercury poisoning chief among health problems facing Peru’s uncontacted tribesEcuador’s isolated indigenous tribes: Stuck between oil and state neglectVenezuela’s isolated indigenous groups under siege from miners, disease and guerrillasThe Yurí and the Passé are the two known isolated indigenous groups living in Colombia. They live in the department of Amazonas, in the southern part of the country, on 1 million hectares (2.5 million acres) of forestland that makes up Río Puré National Natural Park, a protected zone created in 2002 for the purpose of safeguarding them. As they move through the forest, illegal miners, indiscriminate loggers, groups on the fringes of the law, and even religious evangelists trying to convert them lurk not far away, putting the groups’ way of life at risk.Although it’s difficult to truly understand their problems, experts consulted by Mongabay Latam say they’re probably very similar to those faced by the majority of indigenous communities in the department of Amazonas, which borders Brazil to the east and Peru to the west. Robinson López, human rights coordinator for the National Organization for Indigenous People of the Colombian Amazon (OPIAC by its Spanish acronym), said the Witoto, an indigenous group in the area that is in contact with the outside world, “are slowly dying” from mercury pollution left by illegal mining. He fears the same is happening to the isolated tribes.The harm being done by illegal mining in Amazonas is immeasurable; little by little, it is cornering all the indigenous communities, including the Yurí and the Passé. Alexander Alfonso, head of Río Puré National Natural Park since 2011, said he mourns the fact that the authorities’ activities are concentrated on the edge of the Colombian Amazon in the departments of Guaviare and Caquetá, where deforestation is progressing at an alarming rate. “They don’t focus much on this side,” he said.He said he’s concerned, and with good reason. Together with 14 other civil servants, he aims to protect the million hectares of rainforest in the reserve from criminal mafias, comprised of Colombians, Brazilians and Peruvians, who journey deep into the rainforest, via the rivers, and steal the gold concealed by the Amazon.“In 2016, we built [just] one cabin along the entire border with Brazil in order to be able to detain illegal miners arriving in this country via the Puré River,” Alfonso said. “There are always three civil servants confronting this problem. It’s a risk, but we have no other option.” He said he has counted up to 35 gold rafts and dredgers in the river, which runs between the tributaries of the Caquetá River and Putumayo River basins and continues toward Brazil.Recent photographs of maloca houses from isolated Yurí and Passé indigenous villages and photographs of the community in 1969, the only time it made contact with the outside world. Images, clockwise from top-left, by Cristóbal von Rothkirch, courtesy of Anastasia Candre, by Cristóbal von Rothkirch, by Ives-Guy Bergès, and by Joaquín Molano Campuzano, from the book Cariba Malo (Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2012).A problem foretoldThis is not a new issue. For more than 18 years, the intermittent presence of illegal miners has been reported in the area. Between 1999 and 2002, along the borders of Cahuinarí National Natural Park, which neighbors Río Puré National Natural Park, a spate of illegal mining was documented by government agencies such as the national parks authority and the national Ombudsman’s Office. In just one joint action those agencies reported 26 rafts extracting alluvial gold along a roughly 430-kilometer (270-mile) stretch of the Caquetá River, which marks Río Puré National Natural Park’s northern border, between the towns of Puerto Santander and La Pedrera. Although the intensity of the mining invasion subsequently dropped, occasional entries into Cahuinarí National Natural Park were again reported in 2012 [pdf].Almost two decades since the presence of this criminal activity was first reported, illegal miners continue their foray into the territory. Pollution from the mercury they use to extract gold from sediment is contaminating the water sources that supply all the indigenous communities, including the isolated villages. In 2015, a number of organizations, including the national parks authority, the Corporation for the Sustainable Development of the Southern Amazon (CorpoAmazonia), USAID, the Amazonas state government, the University of Cartagena and the University of Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, came together to assess the impact of illegal mining on the people living next to the Caquetá River.The study revealed that the inhabitants of various Caquetá River communities had mean concentrations of mercury in their systems of between 15.4 and 19.7 micrograms per gram, or parts per million — extremely high compared with international standards indicating that a normal concentration is just 1 part per million. “These concentrations indicate a definite widespread problem along the river … They are the highest readings reported for Colombia,” the study reads.If things aren’t looking great for the Caquetá River region, neither are they for the Putumayo River region, and in particular for the nine indigenous communities of the Cotuhé Putumayo Reserve there. A study carried out there by the Amazonas government’s Department of Health in 2016 determined that 75 percent of the subjects presented with higher-than-acceptable mercury concentrations in their hair. Of four women the researchers examined whose children had some form of mental impairment, three had excessive mercury in their systems, suggesting, albeit inconclusively because of the small sample size, that the pollution may be having severe consequences for the community’s health and well-being.López, of OPIAC, confirmed the report’s finding and added that there have been complaints indicating that some children from the populations living by the Putumayo River and in the lower section of the Caquetá River could be being born with malformations. He said the plight of these villages gives cause for concern about the isolated tribes, primarily because the rainforest that shelters them feeds off three rivers that are polluted with mercury: the Caquetá, the Putumayo and the Puré.Bora indigenous people live close to the isolated indigenous groups on the border of Río Puré National Natural Park. Image courtesy of Etnias del Mundo.The task of combatting illegal mining is not an easy one. The rivers are very large with many branches that are difficult to police. The Caquetá River is more than 2,200 kilometers (1,360 miles) long and the Putumayo exceeds 1,800 kilometers (1,100 miles).“The miners move around a lot at night, they look for specific times,” said César Parra, the general in charge of the National Army’s Sixth Division, which operates in the region. “Sometimes they go out to work when it’s raining, as they know the Air Force’s crafts can’t fly in those conditions. And they use small rafts to hide themselves easily.” The Army has formed alliances with the Marine Infantry and the Air Force to confront the problem, Parra said.In Amazonas, everyone does what they can. While the Armed Forces sporadically deploy operatives to deter illegal mining, Darío Silva, president of the Indigenous Authorities of Pedrera-Amazonas (AIPEA), said that his community, the 212,000-hectare (523,900-acre) Curare Los Ingleses Reserve neighboring Río Puré National Natural Park, installed a control point last year to prevent the influx of miners and any other persons not native to the protected area, with the purpose of safeguarding the isolated populations.“Some rafts wanted to enter the Caquetá River… but they were forbidden from doing so,” Silva said. “The idea is that we are the first to make contact with the isolated tribes, should they decide to leave [the reserve].”Silva said he believes all reserves should include the isolated villages in their management plans, as his community did by way of a resolution in 2013. “We must set aside an area for them, not only for the Yurí and the Passé, but we know there are others throughout Mirití-Paraná township, the Chiribiquete [National Natural] Park and close to our Witoto friends throughout Araracuara, in Puerto Santander,” he said.Core problemWhile illegal miners pollute the water and the fish that the isolated indigenous populations consume, illegal loggers fell the trees that give them refuge. “There are Colombians and Peruvians who exit authorized places and enter the protected zones in order to cut down the forest without permission,” said Patricia Suárez, an indigenous Murui from Amazonas department who has been supporting the National Indigenous Organization of Colombia’s (ONIC) Office for Human Rights since 2016. Suarez served as a delegate to support the technical and political aspects of the creation of Decree 1232, passed in July 2018, which seeks to protect the country’s isolated populations.While all mining carried out in Amazonas is illegal, the extraction of wood is permitted to some extent. Since 2011, a forestry reserve of 424,000 hectares (over 1 million acres) between the Puré and Putumayo rivers has been defined by CorpoAmazonia, which has permitted two associations and three individuals to extract forest resources from 8,000 of these hectares (nearly 20,000 acres). The problem, as the area’s indigenous groups warn, is that some people are using these permits to simply dodge the authorities and gain access to prohibited areas. Suárez described reports of loggers arriving in areas used by the isolated populations. This, she said, is her greatest concern.Illegal mining in the Caquetá River. Image by Rodrigo Botero – FCDS.Alfonso, the manager of the Río Puré park, said he favors there being an area of the reserve where wood can be legally extracted but regrets that CorpoAmazonia is unable to exercise enough authority to control illegal logging. “It is difficult to exercise governance in these areas,” he said. The permits CorpoAmazonia grants last for five years and the area is difficult to access, so representatives of the environmental authority travel every six months to monitor licenses. Anything can happen during their absence.Luis Fernando Cueva, manager of CorpoAmazonia’s Amazonas territory, made it clear that his organization does carry out monitoring, but acknowledged that there is no shortage of illegal activity. “We are receiving reports advising that other people are illegally benefiting, unrelated to those who are authorized to do so,” he said. “This is happening in areas adjacent to these sites. When this occurs, what we do is coordinate with the Armed Forces to get to these places.” He added that he also knows of indigenous communities that allow illegal loggers to access the reserves to cut down trees.The days of the outsidersThis human barrier the indigenous communities have created around the isolated villages to fight those who come in search of gold and wood also tries to prevent the entry of evangelicals. Christian groups have tried to make contact with the isolated populations on several occasions since the 1970s, up to the present day. For Suárez of ONIC, López of OPIAC, Silva of AIPEA and Alfonso of Río Puré park this is a significant risk — and it is perhaps the most difficult to control.Alfonso told how, since 2015, park authorities have been receiving solid reports of religious groups around the reserve areas’ sand bars, the limits of river travel. “For example, as far as we know, the Baptist Church continues with the idea of sharing God with the isolated people. They have not withdrawn,” Alfonso said.Members of the NGO Amazon Conservation Team’s (ACT) Colombia program and the indigenous communities came together on two occasions to prevent this potential intervention. “The interest of some groups in making contact with the isolated populations is a threat, especially if it is taken into consideration that the isolated are very susceptible to the illnesses that outsiders may bring in,” said Carolina Gil, ACT’s director. “A few evangelical groups are interested in contacting them, and we have worked hard with the different government agencies to prevent this from happening,” she said.A traditional house of the Yurí and Passé isolated indigenous peoples. Image by Donald Fanning, from the book Cariba Malo.The first missionary to arrive in this region was Donald Fanning, from the Baptist Church, who lived in the township of La Pedrera between 1974 and 1978. Fanning frequently traveled in his light aircraft over the forests of Amazonas to provide health care to the indigenous communities. According to the book Cariba Malo by the late political scientist Roberto Franco, in one of his flyovers Fanning noticed six isolated maloca houses, of different types, in the Puré and Bernardo river basins. From that moment on he was determined to convert the people who lived there to Christianity and to also teach them to use items useful to people living in the outside world, such as hammocks and mosquito nets. The information filtered through about what he was planning to do, and the Colombian Institute of Anthropology intervened and banned the expedition.Guaranteeing the right of the communities to remain in isolation is fundamental, especially to avoid repeating the story of the Nukak Makú, a nomadic people contacted by missionaries of the Nuevas Tribus Mission sect in 1981. The contact led to them contracting illnesses, and the arrival of the now-defunct FARC guerrilla group forced them to abandon their territory, which was then overrun with anti-personnel mines. Now they are on the brink of extinction.Corridors of violenceSilva of AIPEAand the Curare Los Ingleses Reserve told how on many occasions he heard ex-FARC guerrillas say they had seen the isolated indigenous people from afar. Despite the armed group seeming to have had a level of respect toward these populations, in Silva’s opinion it was still worrying that they were so close. With the signing of a peace agreement between the rebels and the government in November 2016, it was thought this matter would cease to be of concern. But that wasn’t the case. The Amazon become a battlefield in which groups on the fringes of the law fought over territory and corridors for taking drugs to other countries. The Yurí and Passé isolated indigenous populations were in the middle of all this fighting.“Although the Los Caqueteños criminal group principally operates in Amazonas, there is also the presence of the old First Front of the FARC. They profit from taking wood and coca paste out through the rivers, which is an unlawful activity,” said Parra.Rivers in Amazonas, such as the Apaporis and the Caquetá, are key to the armed groups as they enable them to access protected areas, move cocaine and weaponry, and provide a natural exit to Brazil, according to a report by the Bogotá-based Ideas for Peace Foundation (FIP by its Spanish acronym). The presence of the First Front in Amazonas is alarming, first and foremost because it was one of the parent structures of the FARC guerrillas and because it continued to commit violent acts after the peace agreement, between 2016 and 2018.In its investigation, FIP indicated that the First Front would be opening new drug-trafficking routes through the northern Amazonas department, specifically in a zone adjacent to Río Puré National Natural Park, home to the isolated indigenous people.The indigenous Witoto people live close to where there are indications of isolated indigenous populations. Image by León Darío Peláez courtesy of Semana magazine.Suárez of ONIC said the most worrying thing is that by hijacking the territory, the illegal armed groups may harm the isolated people. “The FARC guerrilla had an ideology, there was someone who told them what to do and what not to do. This can’t be done with the dissidents, it is very difficult to achieve a consensus,” she said with sorrow.Avoiding contact with outsiders is imperative. The isolated indigenous people know that the outside world is hostile. After all, the one time they associated with people from outside their community, there was death, violence and abduction. That episode occurred in 1969, when, in the middle of an expedition searching for animal skins, a hunter named Julián Gil chanced upon a Yurí maloca house. He entered the sacred house and since then, according to accounts, his whereabouts remain unknown. Several days after his disappearance, his work team and the authorities went in search of him. This armed rescue operation had a fatal ending: five members of the isolated indigenous group were killed and another six were arrested, and had to be freed two months later. It was Franco, the late political scientist and author, who managed to unite all the testimonies that proved the existence of the Yurí.‘We’ll be killed defending what’s ours’The fight to defend the indigenous territory continues unrelentingly. Suárez, of the Murui, and other indigenous Amazon leaders claim they are being killed for defending their forest and seeking an end to these criminal structures.“Every day we report members of the communities who are dying to protect their territory, who are threatened and displaced, but nothing happens. This is a way of wiping us out. So, we decided if we are killed, we’ll be killed defending what’s ours,” Suárez said. She added that it feels as though Colombians haven’t understood that what is going on in the Amazon region and its villages affects the country’s entire population.Carolina Gil of ACT agreed. The region, known as a lung of the world, is a large sponge saturated with water into which people are dumping mercury. Sooner or later, it will have an impact on the communities, the fauna and flora of this ecosystem. “The Amazon plays a very important role in terms of balance — including the climate — and the production of water. What is happening over there may affect the moorland system of the Andean region, from where the majority of Colombians take their water. It is seen as a very distant area, like a green stain on the map, but people have to understand that we are able to have safe drinking water thanks to the health of the Amazon,” she said.While the authorities decide what action to take to stop the harm to the forest and the people living there, the communities are looking for a way to survive. Pollution is of such grave concern that, upon discovering the high levels of mercury in their bodies, some indigenous people are choosing to isolate themselves. Quite possibly, they noticed, the solution to their ills was to follow the example of the uncontacted isolated indigenous populations, like the Yurí. They decided to return to their own land as a way of persisting.They are hoping nobody finds them.Banner image by Cristóbal von Rothkirch, from the book Cariba Malo.This article was first published by Mongabay Latam. Edits by Rebecca Kessler. FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Rebecca Kessler Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Neymar accepts pay-cut in ‘verbal agreement’ with Barcelona View comments Just how incredible?The Scorpions made their way to the finals despite having only eight players. What’s more impressive is that they even managed to steal Game 2 from the mighty Blue Eagles.“We’ve overachieved. It was a big accomplishment for the team despite the eight-man lineup and seven-man rotation,” Pumaren said.READ: PBA D-League: Even with just 7 players, CEU stuns Go for Gold for semisHaving an undermanned roster, however, eventually took its toll on CEU.ADVERTISEMENT Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? LATEST STORIES The Scorpions’ inspiring run to the finals ended on Tuesday after taking a title-clinching 98-66 beating at the hands of reigning two-time UAAP champion Ateneo in Game 4.The lopsided loss, however, won’t take away the fact that CEU remains a winner.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets offers from Asia, Australian ball clubsREAD: Cignal-Ateneo bags 2019 PBA D-League title, rips CEU in Game 4“I’ve never said this to the boys because I don’t want them to feel satisfied by just making the finals, but I told the boys today that for me, you’re already champions,” CEU head coach Derrick Pumaren said. “You’ve done something incredible. You have nothing to be ashamed of and you have to keep your heads high.” MANILA, Philippines—Centro Escolar University may have failed to win the 2019 PBA D-League title but it had done enough that a championship trophy wasn’t necessary.ADVERTISEMENT Solon urges Solgen to reconsider quo warranto petition vs ABS-CBN Olympic rings arrive in host city on barge into Tokyo Bay Taal evacuees make the most of ‘unusual’ clothing donations, leaves online users laughing MOST READ Boris Johnson ‘humbled’ after majority win, says Parliament ‘must change’ PLAY LIST 01:56Boris Johnson ‘humbled’ after majority win, says Parliament ‘must change’00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award03:05Malakanyang bilib sa Phivolcs | Chona Yu01:26Homes destroyed after Taal Volcano eruption 11 nabbed for shabu, drug den busted in Maguindanao Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil “We wanted to extend the series, we wanted to put up a good fight but I think the fatigue factor has really gotten to us that the players were cramping up,” said Pumaren.“We feel bad but we really lost to a better team. Ateneo is just a very strong team. They showed their dominance in today’s game. I tried to push them but that’s everything we had.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Steaming fissures on Taal Volcano Island spotted Deandre Ayton shines as Suns pound Knicks
― over 476 spirometry assessments performed at GPHCOver the last two years, 476 retrospective reviews of spirometry assessments were performed at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GHPC) where the proportion and trend of these tests met acceptability criteria.Understanding that optimal management of chronic respiratory diseases relies on accurate diagnosis, the Hospital collaborated with the Vancouver Hospital to embark on a project to access spirometry quality and diagnostic outcomes following the introduction of spirometry into routine clinical practice at the local hospital.Spirometry (spy-ROM-uh-tree) is a common office test used to assess how well your lungs work by measuring how much air you inhale, how much you exhale and how quickly you exhale.Spirometry is used to diagnose asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other conditions that affect breathing. The test may also be used periodically to check whether a treatment for a chronic lung condition is helping you breathe better.The programme, which began in November 2013, is aimed at developing high-quality spirometry to assist in the diagnosis of airway diseases, such as asthma and COPD, along with other chronic respiratory disorders. Overall, 80.4 per cent of the 454 initial spirometry measurements on unique patients met the acceptability criteria, with no significant change in the proportion of acceptable spirometry over the study period.The programme started small, with only two registered nurses and one physician employed by the GPHC and with no prior specialised training on respiratory disease. From November 2013 to November 2015, one additional physician and two nurses were trained to meet the demand for services and ensure continuity.According to the Public Health Ministry, training consisted of five days of on-site spirometry instruction by two Canadian respiratory specialists and two licensed Canadian respiratory therapists.Ongoing follow-ups were performed remotely, with ongoing remote reviews of all completed spirometry and feedback on both technical aspects of spirometry and interpretation of results. The training team from Canada returned for one week biannually to review the technical details of spirometry and to expand a linked asthma-COPD education and treatment programme.Chronic Respiratory Disease is a significant and growing source of global morbidity and mortality, and according to the Global Burden of Disease (2013), disability due to chronic respiratory disease has increased by eight per cent since 1990.COPD is the third most common cause of death and the fifth most common source of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) globally. Asthma is a less frequent cause of death, but remains a significant source of DALYs and avoidable deaths in the 5–34 years age group.The Public Health Ministry stated that the GPHC Spirometry Project builds on the early successes and opportunities created by the emerging GPHC/ Public Health Ministry strategic plan targeting non-communicable chronic diseases, including diabetes and heart, kidney and lung diseases.“Demonstrating that high-quality spirometry is technically feasible is a first step towards broader implementation of respiratory diagnostics, therapy and specialised respiratory education in Guyana,” the Ministry said.
– special needs school for West DemeraraTo further boost Guyana’s education sector, several schools across the country will be rehabilitated to ensure children have a better learning environment.Minister of State Joseph Harmon recently announced that Cabinet has approved funds and awarded contracts for some school to be revamped, and a new one to be constructed.Minister of State Joseph HarmonAfter a survey was conducted in Region Three (Essequibo Islands-West Demerara), Minister Harmon said it was discovered that “there are many children with disabilities across the region that were in need of special skills training.” As a result, Cabinet has awarded some GY$27 million to SNK construction services to build a special needs school at Schoonord, West Bank Demerara. The school will cater for skills training, and entail a disability-friendly physical structure, essential for children with special needs. According to the Department of Public Information, this project was awarded under the Communities Ministry.Under the Education Ministry, Cabinet has approved US$134,000 for the reconstruction of St Rose’s High School in Georgetown. The contract was awarded to Bynoe-Wiltshire partnership, Minister Harmon noted.The Bina Hill Institute of Learning, located in the Annai District, Region Nine (Upper Takatu-Upper Essequibo) will soon have a new female dorm, the Minister said. Cabinet had granted a total GY$36 million to BK International Inc for the construction of the first female dormitory. This contract under the Indigenous People’s Affairs Ministry caters for two dormitories.However, this will be the first to be constructed. The institute houses approximately 100 male and female students equally.
Paris Hilton will be issued her get-out-of jail card on Tuesday after spending almost 3 weeks in the slammer. The release date, announced Friday, was determined by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department’s Inmate Reception Center. The exact hour of Hilton’s release was not disclosed. “There’s no set time,” said Deputy Luis Castro, adding he didn’t know if any special arrangements had been made to return Hilton to her Hollywood Hills home. The 26-year-old Hilton, who was sentenced to 45 days in jail for violating her probation in an alcohol-related reckless driving case, surrendered on June 3. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
1 Raheem Sterling Brendan Rodgers refused to use Raheem Sterling’s contract saga as an excuse for Liverpool’s horror show at Arsenal.The Merseysiders were blown away by the Gunners at the Emirates on Saturday lunchtime to leave their top four hopes in tatters.But Rodgers was adamant that the intense speculation over Sterling’s future ahead of the big game, not helped by an unsanctioned interview given by the starlet, played no part in his side’s 4-1 defeat.The 20-year-old won a second-half penalty for Liverpool, which Jordan Henderson converted, and Rodgers felt he was his side’s standout performer.Asked if the Sterling situation had played a role in the disappointing display, Rodgers told BT Sport, “No, not really. I thought Raheem was outstanding today, in fairness the kid’s done great today.“It’s not distractions, we were just poor defensively. You see from our record the last six games we haven’t conceded away from home. It’s just a disappointing day when you concede bad goals, you’re always going to be up against it against a team that’s obviously got good confidence.”Liverpool’s misery was compounded by a late red card for Emre Can, adding to their defensive woes, but Rodgers felt the German had been unlucky to get a second yellow card for what appeared to be a scissor challenge, with his manager saying he had slipped.“In all fairness, he’s not that type of player,” Rodgers said. “It’s a wonderful surface here, but it’s actually quite greasy, quite slippy with the way they water it. He’s tried to reach around the back with the right foot but then slips with his left and then it looks like a scissor challenge, but I know him well enough to know he’s not like that.”
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESanta Anita opens winter meet Saturday with loaded card “A woman has got to be able to say, and not feel guilty, ‘Who am I, and what do I want out of life?’ She mustn’t feel selfish and neurotic if she wants goals of her own, outside of husband and children,” Friedan said. Eleanor Smeal, president of the Feminist Majority Foundation, publisher of Ms. magazine and a former president of the National Organization for Women, praised Friedan’s legacy. Friedan, she said, “was a giant for women’s rights and a leading catalyst of the 20th century whose work led to profound changes improving the status of women and women’s lives” worldwide. “The Feminine Mystique” helped to “define the lesser status of women,” she said. “That book changed women’s lives,” said Kim Gandy, current president of NOW, which Friedan co-founded. “It opened women’s minds to the idea that there actually might be something more. And for the women who secretly harbored such unpopular thoughts, it told them that there were other women out there like them who thought there might be something more to life.” In the racial, political and sexual conflicts of the 1960s and ’70s, Friedan’s was one of the most commanding voices and recognizable presences in the women’s movement. WASHINGTON – Betty Friedan, whose manifesto “The Feminine Mystique” became a best seller in the 1960s and laid the groundwork for the modern feminist movement, died Saturday, her birthday. She was 85. Friedan died at her home of congestive heart failure, according to a cousin, Emily Bazelon. Friedan’s assertion in her 1963 best seller that having a husband and babies was not everything and that women should aspire to separate identities as individuals, was highly unusual, if not revolutionary, just after the baby and suburban booms of the Eisenhower era. The feminine mystique, she said, was a phony bill of goods society sold to women that left them unfulfilled, suffering from “the problem that has no name” and seeking a solution in tranquilizers and psychoanalysis. As the first president of NOW in 1966, she staked out positions that seemed extreme at the time on such issues as abortion, sex-neutral help-wanted ads, equal pay, promotion opportunities and maternity leave. But at the same time, Friedan insisted that the women’s movement had to remain in the American mainstream, that men had to be accepted as allies and that the family should not be rejected. “Don’t get into the bra-burning, anti-man, politics-of-orgasm school,” Friedan told a college audience in 1970. Friedan, born Feb. 4, 1921, in Peoria, Ill., was a high achieving Jewish outsider growing up in middle America. Her father, Harry Goldstein, owned a jewelry store; her mother, Miriam, quit a job as a newspaper women’s page editor to become a housewife. As a girl, Friedan watched her mother “cut down my father because she had no place to channel her terrific energies, a typical female disorder that I call impotent rage,” she said. From high school valedictorian in 1938 to summa cum laude graduate of Smith College in 1942, “I was that girl with all A’s and I wanted boys worse than anything,” she said. She won a fellowship in psychology to the University of California, Berkeley, but turned down a bigger fellowship there so as not to outdo a boyfriend. The romance broke up anyway, and Friedan moved to Greenwich Village in New York and became a labor reporter. She lost one job to a returning World War II veteran but found another before marrying Carl Friedan, a summer-stock producer and later an advertising executive, in 1947. The marriage, which produced three children, ended in divorce 22 years later. Friedan got a maternity leave to have her first child in 1949, but was fired and replaced by a man when she asked for another leave to have the second child five years later. The family had moved to a big Victorian house in the suburban Rockland County village of Grandview-on-the-Hudson, N.Y., where Friedan cranked out freelance magazine articles while bringing up her brood. Hoping to get a magazine piece out of a Smith College 15-year reunion, Friedan prepared an in-depth survey of her classmates. What she found was that these well-educated women of the class of 1942, now largely suburban housewives, were asking, in effect, “Is this all?” Friedan couldn’t get the article published in a magazine, but five years of more research and writing turned it into “The Feminine Mystique.” If some women read it as a call to arms, others were outraged, Friedan recalled. Dinner invitations stopped; she was out of the school car pool. But the first printing of 3,000 eventually grew to 600,000 copies hardcover and more than 2 million in paperback. The book was listed at No. 37 on a 1999 New York University survey of 100 examples of the best journalism of the century. In 1964, the family moved back to Manhattan in 1964, and Friedan began working to have the federal government enforce the Civil Rights Act as it applied to sex and not only to race, religion and national origin. Founding NOW was a response to federal inaction. The finale of Friedan’s presidency was the national women’s strike of August 1970, which brought women out across the country on the 50th anniversary of women’s suffrage. She also was a founder in 1968 of the National Conference for Repeal of Abortion Laws, which became the National Abortion Rights Action League, and of the National Women’s Political Caucus in 1971. Survivors include her sons, Daniel Friedan of Princeton, N.J., and Jonathan Friedan of Philadelphia, and daughter Emily Friedan of Buffalo, N.Y.; nine grandchildren; a sister, Amy Adams of New York; and a brother, Harry Goldstein of Palm Springs, Calif. Carl Friedan died in December, according to Bazelon. She said the funeral will be Monday at Riverside Memorial Chapel in New York. ,160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Beram Kayal scored his first goal for Celtic to beat St Johnstone and take the Hoops five points clear of Rangers at the top of the Scottish Premier League.Kris Commons and Georgios Samaras had already been denied by goalkeeper Graeme Smith before Kayal flicked the ball in on the stroke of half-time.Liam Craig forced a good save from Celtic’s Fraser Forster as Saints improved after the break. Celtic were denied a late penalty following a Michael Duberry hand ball.But they did enough to secure a win that stretched the Perth side’s run to 10 league games without a win, the last five of those without a goal.The game had a farcical start, with a number of footballs coming onto the field of play to cause confusion as part of a fans’ protest at the 1800 BST kick-off required to avoid a live television clash with the Champions League. Meanwhile Paul McBride QC, who has previously represented Celtic manager Neil Lennon before the SFA, criticised the SFA hearing of the organisation’s decision not to impose further bans on Rangers trio Ally McCoist, El Hadji Diouf and Madjid Bougherra after the Scottish Cup fifth-round replay match at Celtic Park.Ally McCoist has successfully appealed against a two-match touchline suspension while two of his Rangers players have escaped additional bans.Madjid Bougherra and El-Hadji Diouf, who were sent off in the Scottish Cup loss to Celtic, have instead been fined for their “serious misconduct”. Advertisement Diouf was fined £5,000 by the Scottish Football Association, while Bougherra must pay £2,500.Assistant manager McCoist had received his ban for a touchline altercation.Celtic manager Neil Lennon had already been given a four-match ban following the same incident between the two men at the end of his side’s 1-0 win on 2 March.KAYAL’S FIRST GOAL FOR CELTIC TAKES HOOPS FIVE CLEAR OF RANGERS was last modified: April 12th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Bobbie Jean Cosby, age 83, of Pekin, Indiana, passed away on January 3, 2019 at Baptist Health Floyd Hospital. Born on February 11, 1935 in Kentucky, she was the daughter of the late Roy and Helen Murrel Campbell.Bobbie Jean was a homemaker and member of Pekin United Methodist Church.She is survived by 2 sons, Steve Cosby and David Cosby; 4 daughters, Debbie Bottorff, Diana Jacobs, Karen Hobson and Pam Trainor; 9 grandchildren and 11 great grandchildren. Preceded in death by her parents; husband, Eugene Cosby; 1 son, Bradley Cosby; granddaughter, Kelley Bottorff; 1 brother and 2 sisters.A Celebration of Life will be held on Monday, January 14, at 4:00 PM at the Pekin United Methodist Church. Visitation will be from 3:30 PM until time of service at the church. Bro. Mark Zerkel will officiate.In lieu of flowers, please make donations to the Pekin United Methodist Church.Hughes-Taylor Funeral Home in entrusted with arrangements.
Media accreditation is now open for the 25th World Economic Forum on Africa, which will take place in Cape Town, South Africa, from 3 to 5 June 2015, with the support of the government of South Africa. • World Economic Forum• South Africa’s place in the centre of the world• South Africa pleased with WEF participation• Five reasons to be optimistic about Africa• Africa dismantling trade barriers Media accreditation is now open for the 25th World Economic Forum on Africa, which will take place in Cape Town, South Africa, from 3 to 5 June 2015, with the support of the government of South Africa.Convening under the theme “Then and Now: Reimagining Africa’s Future”, the meeting will mark 25 years of change in Africa. It will also provide an unrivalled occasion for senior decision-makers from industry, government, academia, civil society and the media to accelerate inclusive growth while bringing about sustainable development for the continent.To attend this event, please complete the online registration before Friday 15 May. As the number of accreditations issued is strictly limited, we will not be able to accommodate late registrations. No accreditation will be granted on site. To facilitate the visa application process, we encourage you to register early.This year there is an increase in global efforts to agree on a new set of universal goals aimed at sustainable development. The World Economic Forum on Africa will therefore focus on the continent’s efforts to enhance competitiveness, invest in human capital, strengthen risk resilience and harness opportunities arising from technology adoption in all sectors. Participants will help determine how to diminish vulnerability to commodity price fluctuations, capital market volatility, mounting public debt, youth unemployment, climate change and persistent development challenges.The co-chairs of the meeting are:Antony Jenkins, group chief executive, Barclays, United KingdomPhumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, undersecretary general and executive director, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN WOMEN), New YorkPatrice Motsepe founder and executive chairman, African Rainbow Minerals, South AfricaPaul Polman, chief executive officer, Unilever, United KingdomSir Michael Rake, chairman, BT Group, United KingdomFor more information, contact:Maxwell HallSenior media managerWorld Economic ForumTel: +41 (0)79 329 3500Email: email@example.com