FEU overcomes 20-point deficit, downs UP for 7th straight win

first_img30 Filipinos from Wuhan quarantined in Capas We are young Team ‘Trabaho’ scores championship title at the last leg of Smart Siklab Saya Manila MOST READ Deng looking forward to Lakers renaissance BREAKING: Solicitor General asks SC to forfeit ABS CBN’s franchise Mainland China virus cases exceed 40,000; deaths rise to 908 EDITORS’ PICK Smart hosts first 5G-powered esports exhibition match in PH Brad Pitt wins his first acting Oscar as awards get underway Chinese-manned vessel unsettles Bohol towncenter_img “We knew from the start that it would be a really, really hard game playing a team like UP,” said FEU head coach Nash Racela.“Sa bad start namin, masyado kaming passive. So sa second half, we just worked for it,” said team captain Jose.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra teammates show love for SlaughterSPORTSWe are youngSPORTSCone plans to speak with Slaughter, agentFEU extended its winning run to seven games and solidified its hold of the second spot at 8-2.The Tamaraws tightened their defensive screws in the last three quarters that had the Fighting Maroons scoring just 48 points with only 6:25 left after their 28-point first period. Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan PLAY LIST 01:31Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan01:33WHO: ‘Global stocks of masks and respirators are now insufficient’01:01WHO: now 31,211 virus cases in China 102:02Vitamin C prevents but doesn’t cure diseases like coronavirus—medic03:07’HINDI PANG-SPORTS LANG!’03:03SILIP SA INTEL FUND BREAKING: Solicitor General asks SC to forfeit ABS CBN’s franchise Jet Manuel led UP with 16 points and his last 3-pointer trimmed FEU’s lead down to three, 63-60, with exactly a minute remaining. Paul Desiderio added 13 but he missed a potential game-tying triple.Still down three, UP guard Dave Moralde threw away a baseline inbound pass before Jose secured the offensive rebound off his two missed free throws with 2.9 ticks left to preserve the victory.FEU won despite having only nine assists with 15 turnovers and missing nine of its 21 attempts at the free throw line.ADVERTISEMENT FEU Tamaraws vs UP Maroons. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netDefending champion Far Eastern University rose from 20 points down to beat a rejuvenated University of the Philippines side, 63-60, in the UAAP Season 79 men’s basketball tournament Saturday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Raymar Jose scored 14 of his game-high 20 points in the second half that went with 12 rebounds for the Tamaraws, who overcame their worst start this season when they fell behind, 28-8, after the first quarter.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Ginebra teammates show love for Slaughterlast_img read more

8,100-square-mile indigenous reserve recognized in Brazilian Amazon

first_imgArticle published by Glenn Scherer Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Amazon Conservation, Amazon Destruction, Amazon Logging, Amazon People, Controversial, Deforestation, Environment, Environmental Crime, Forests, Green, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Illegal Logging, Illegal Mining, Indigenous Culture, Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Groups, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Land Conflict, Land Grabbing, Land Rights, Rainforest Deforestation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforest Logging, Rainforests, Saving The Amazon, Social Justice, Threats To The Amazon, Tropical Deforestation center_img There are 462 government-declared Indigenous Lands (TIs) in Brazil, but of these only 8 percent have been demarcated, a boundary-marking process vital to preventing and to prosecuting illegal incursions by land grabbers, loggers, miners and other outsiders.On 19 September the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI on the border of Pará and Amazonas state received Ministry of Justice approval for demarcation of its 2.1 million hectares (8,108 square miles). However, drastic budget cuts at FUNAI, Brazil’s indigenous affairs agency, leaves the date at which the demarcation process will begin unknown.At least 18 different indigenous groups live within the remote Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI, including four isolated uncontacted groups. In the 1960s, the Brazilian government removed many indigenous people forcibly from the region, transporting them in Air Force planes. Some returned, walking all the way back to their home territory.Indigenous advocates, and indigenous people living in the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI, worry that the growing political strength of the bancada ruralista agribusiness lobby in Congress will result in the abolishment of FUNAI and prevent the demarcation process from ever happening. But they remain hopeful. At least 18 indigenous groups live within the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI. Pictured are some of the Kaxuyana people. Other indigenous groups that live in the territory include the Tunayana, Kahyana, Hixkariyana, Txikiyana, Xereu, Xowyana and Katuwena, as well as four isolated uncontacted groups. Image by Mario Vilela / FUNAI.The Brazilian government has declared 462 traditionally occupied Indigenous Lands (TIs), but only 8 percent of these reserves have been demarcated, legally protecting them from land grabbers, loggers, ranchers, miners and farmers. Among the remaining 92 percent still fighting for recognition of their indigenous territory borders as guaranteed under the 1988 Constitution is the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI, in the heart of the Amazon.In September, persistence and a bit of luck finally paid off, as the Ministry of Justice issued a decree officially establishing permanent land ownership, and giving a go-ahead for the demarcation of the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI – covering 2.1 million hectares (8,108 square miles) on the border between Pará and Amazonas states.Fifteen years had passed since indigenous leaders first made their formal request for TI demarcation to FUNAI, Brazil’s indigenous affairs agency – a frustratingly lengthy approval period not untypical of that experienced by other indigenous territories.Political conflicts during those years caused most of the delay, but the process had the help of the Federal Public Ministry of Pará, a government body of independent litigators, which intervened every time the FUNAI approval process stalled.A remote Kaspakuru village along the banks of the Trombetas River. Image by Denise Fajardo / Iepé Institute.Finally in May, FUNAI submitted its Circumstantial Identification and Delimitation Report (RCID), that finalized the TI’s legitimacy with the Justice Ministry. But the ministry’s final okay of demarcation might have been delayed far longer September had it not been for a chance meeting in July between Luis Donizete, executive coordinator of the Institute of Research and Indigenous Formation (Iepé), and Torquato Jardim, Minister of Justice, at a United Nations indigenous rights event in Geneva.Donizete took the opportunity to ask Jardim if any TI declarations would be approved by the ministry in 2018. Jardim replied that the government had to clarify some issues with the Attorney General’s Office (AGU), as it was challenging the signing of indigenous declarations.The Iepé coordinator argued that the recognition of the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI was not impacted by the AGU’s concerns, and asked the justice minister to receive a delegation of indigenous representatives to plead the group’s case. After analyzing the evidence, Jardim signed the decree on 19 September.“There are no invasions, disputes or demonstrations against the demarcation of the TI that would justify the non-signing of the declaration. There are also no infrastructure project requests. This is a rare case in the Amazon region,” Angela Kaxuyana, a Kaxuyana-Tunayana leader told Mongabay.One reason for the lack of conflicting land claims with outsiders is the remoteness of the Kaxuyana-Tunayana; waterfalls and other natural barriers block easy access. Still, there is rising commercial interest in the indigenous territory, said Denise Fajardo, an anthropologist at Iepé and a member of the technical group that carried out the identification and delimitation studies of the TI. “The mayor of Nhamundá [in Amazonas state], for instance, has been trying to co-opt indigenous leaders to explore [the possibility of] gravel [mining] in the southern portion of the TI.”A Tunayana leader (left) and a Kahyana leader. A direct appeal by indigenous leaders to Brazilian Justice Minister Jardim helped move their request for TI demarcation forward this Summer. Image by Denise Fajardo / Iepé Institute.Demarcation date left in limboThe September ministerial declaration instructs FUNAI to move forward with the demarcation of the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI. However, with the agency’s budget cut by half by the Temer administration, no one can say when the process will begin.“FUNAI is not demarcating any land today, the agency itself is in a vulnerable situation, which weakens our security as indigenous people,” said Kaxuyana, a representative of the Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon (COIAB), the nation’s largest indigenous advocacy alliance. “The [continuing] existence of FUNAI depends on the current political scenario, and we fear that the bancada ruralista, [the politically powerful agribusiness lobby] with its goal to extinguish the agency, will end the land regularization process of the TIs.”At least 18 different indigenous groups live within the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI, including four isolated uncontacted groups. While the reserve’s name refers only to the Kaxuyana and Tunayana, other peoples, including the Kahyana, Hixkariyana, Txikiyana, Xereu, Xowyana and Katuwena, have long been living in the region, said Fajardo – despite attempts to eject them by Brazilian authorities in the past.“Many indigenous [groups] were forcibly removed from their lands in the late 1960s [under the Brazilian military dictatorship] and taken to other parts. Thirty years later, the Kaxuyana began to walk back along the Oiapoque River from Tumucumaque Mountains National Park, where they were living,” said Fajardo.The Cachorro (Dog) River, a tributary of the Trombetas River, in Pará state. The region’s isolation and difficulty of access have largely protected it from illegal loggers, miners and land grabbers. Though recently interlopers have begun showing interest in exploiting the lands within the Kaxuyana-Tunayana TI. Image by Ruben Caixeta.The anthropologist, who began her research work in Tumucumaque, in the extreme north of Pará state in the 1990s, recalls her surprise when she was told stories by families who had been transported away from their traditional homes on a Brazilian Air Force plane. “They felt foreign in the new place, and were told they would never go back to their homeland. But the dream of returning was great and touching, and eventually they started traveling back, finding some old relatives and the land virtually intact,” she said.Angela Kaxuyana sees the TI demarcation declaration as an important milestone, especially in light of the socio-environmental legal setbacks posed by the Temer administration. The Justice Ministry’s September decision, she said, “made us gain strength and believe again that the state itself, and therefore the Brazilian nation, recognizes it has a debt to indigenous peoples.”Correction: An extra zero was inadvertently added to the original title of this story, so that it incorrectly read “81,000-square-miles”. It has been corrected to read “8,100-square-miles.”FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.A scene inside the indigenous Kaxuyana village of Chapéu. Image by Mario Vilela / FUNAI.last_img read more

Climate change is making waves stronger and putting coastlines at risk

first_imgArticle published by Mike Gaworecki Adaptation To Climate Change, Climate Change, Coastal Ecosystems, Environment, Global Warming, Impact Of Climate Change, Marine Ecosystems, Ocean Crisis, Ocean Warming, Oceans, Oceans And Climate Change, Research According to research published in the journal Nature Communications this month, the energy of ocean waves has grown over the past seven decades, which could have significant implications for coastal communities and ecosystems.The energy in ocean waves is transmitted from the wind. As the upper ocean has warmed, wind patterns have been affected globally, resulting in stronger ocean waves. The researchers behind the Nature Communications study say they found a long-term trend of wave power increasing globally in direct association with historical warming of the ocean surface.The researchers say their results show that global wave power could be used as an indicator of global warming similar to how atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration levels, global sea level rise, or global surface atmospheric temperatures are used now. Global climate change is impacting Earth’s oceans in a number of ways, from higher water temperatures and rising sea levels to acidification and oxygen depletion.Now, scientists have reported another change to oceans  wrought by global warming: According to research published in the journal Nature Communications this month, the energy of ocean waves has grown over the past seven decades, which could have significant implications for coastal communities and ecosystems.The energy in ocean waves is transmitted from the wind. As the upper ocean has warmed, wind patterns have been affected globally, resulting in stronger ocean waves. The researchers behind the Nature Communications study say they found a long-term trend of wave power increasing globally in direct association with historical warming of the ocean surface.“For the first time, we have identified a global signal of the effect of global warming in wave climate,” Borja G. Reguero, a researcher in the Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of California, Santa Cruz in the United States and the study’s lead author, said in a statement. “In fact, wave power has increased globally by 0.4 percent per year since 1948, and this increase is correlated with the increasing sea-surface temperatures, both globally and by ocean regions.”Previous analyses of the global wave climate, or how wave characteristics change over time, have tended to focus on historical trends in mean and extreme values for parameters such as wave height, Reguero and co-authors note. Wave heights have increased in recent decades, especially at higher latitudes in both hemispheres.“Satellite-based altimeter measurements from 1985 to 2008 reveal increases of 0.25% per year for the 90th wave height percentile and 0.50% per year for the 99th percentile, in both hemispheres,” the researchers write in the study. “[D]ata also show significant increases in extreme wave heights at the high latitudes of the southern hemisphere, 0.25–0.9% per year for the 90th percentile in the north Atlantic and the north Pacific, and decreases in the mid-latitudes.” In addition to changes in wave heights, wave periods have also increased, and the direction of waves has shifted in some cases, such as in the southern ocean and in the north Atlantic.Changes in global wave energy have received less attention, the researchers say, “particularly in the context of climate change.” They add that wave power has not been studied as a climate change indicator yet, but they found that “it can potentially characterize the long-term behavior of the global wave conditions better than wave heights.”Study co-author Inigo J. Losada, director of research at the Environmental Hydraulics Institute at Spain’s University of Cantabria, said that the study results show that global wave power could be used as an indicator of global warming similar to how atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration levels, global sea level rise, or global surface atmospheric temperatures are used now.Understanding how global wave power responds to oceanic warming also has important implications for adapting coastlines to the impacts of climate change on infrastructure, coastal cities, and small islands. Wave power is a “key driver of coastal change and flooding,” the authors of the study write, and as wave energy increases, the effects will become more profound.For instance, as sea levels rise, more wave energy will reach shore, exacerbating impacts to shorelines. But regional differences in upper-ocean warming will mean that wave power changes are different in each ocean basin. This variability in wave energy across regions and at different times of the year are most apparent in the heightened flooding and erosion risks to Pacific coastlines during El Niño events, “which are explained by our [wave power] patterns,” according to the authors. “Regionally, changes in the extratropical generation areas of the Southern Ocean and North Pacific, where the [wave power] is more severe, should receive special attention.“Our results indicate that risk analysis neglecting the changes in wave power and having sea level rise as the only driver may underestimate the consequences of climate change and result in insufficient or maladaptation,” co-author Fernando J. Méndez, associate professor at Universidad de Cantabria, said in a statement.CITATION• Borja G. Reguero, Iñigo J. Losada, & Fernando J. Méndez. (2019). A recent increase in global wave power as a consequence of oceanic warming. Nature Communications 10. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-08066-0Featured Image: Photo by Michael Goyberg.center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Gold, wood, religion: Threats to Colombia’s isolated indigenous peoples

first_imgConflict, Environment, Gold Mining, Health, Indigenous Communities, Indigenous Peoples, Mercury, National Parks, Pollution, Protected Areas, Rainforest People, Rivers, Tropical Rivers, Uncontacted Tribes, Water Pollution The Yurí and the Passé are the two indigenous tribes identified as living in a natural state in the Colombian Amazon. There are indications that some 15 other such tribes exist in the region.Mercury from illegal gold mining contaminates the rivers surrounding the protected area where the Yurí and the Passé live in isolation.In addition to the contamination, mafia groups and attempts by evangelists at making contact threaten the isolated tribes. This story originally appeared on Mongabay Latam as part of a special series on threats facing isolated indigenous peoples in Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, and Venezuela. Other stories in the series available in English:Mercury poisoning chief among health problems facing Peru’s uncontacted tribesEcuador’s isolated indigenous tribes: Stuck between oil and state neglectVenezuela’s isolated indigenous groups under siege from miners, disease and guerrillasThe Yurí and the Passé are the two known isolated indigenous groups living in Colombia. They live in the department of Amazonas, in the southern part of the country, on 1 million hectares (2.5 million acres) of forestland that makes up Río Puré National Natural Park, a protected zone created in 2002 for the purpose of safeguarding them. As they move through the forest, illegal miners, indiscriminate loggers, groups on the fringes of the law, and even religious evangelists trying to convert them lurk not far away, putting the groups’ way of life at risk.Although it’s difficult to truly understand their problems, experts consulted by Mongabay Latam say they’re probably very similar to those faced by the majority of indigenous communities in the department of Amazonas, which borders Brazil to the east and Peru to the west. Robinson López, human rights coordinator for the National Organization for Indigenous People of the Colombian Amazon (OPIAC by its Spanish acronym), said the Witoto, an indigenous group in the area that is in contact with the outside world, “are slowly dying” from mercury pollution left by illegal mining. He fears the same is happening to the isolated tribes.The harm being done by illegal mining in Amazonas is immeasurable; little by little, it is cornering all the indigenous communities, including the Yurí and the Passé. Alexander Alfonso, head of Río Puré National Natural Park since 2011, said he mourns the fact that the authorities’ activities are concentrated on the edge of the Colombian Amazon in the departments of Guaviare and Caquetá, where deforestation is progressing at an alarming rate. “They don’t focus much on this side,” he said.He said he’s concerned, and with good reason. Together with 14 other civil servants, he aims to protect the million hectares of rainforest in the reserve from criminal mafias, comprised of Colombians, Brazilians and Peruvians, who journey deep into the rainforest, via the rivers, and steal the gold concealed by the Amazon.“In 2016, we built [just] one cabin along the entire border with Brazil in order to be able to detain illegal miners arriving in this country via the Puré River,” Alfonso said. “There are always three civil servants confronting this problem. It’s a risk, but we have no other option.” He said he has counted up to 35 gold rafts and dredgers in the river, which runs between the tributaries of the Caquetá River and Putumayo River basins and continues toward Brazil.Recent photographs of maloca houses from isolated Yurí and Passé indigenous villages and photographs of the community in 1969, the only time it made contact with the outside world. Images, clockwise from top-left, by Cristóbal von Rothkirch, courtesy of Anastasia Candre, by Cristóbal von Rothkirch, by Ives-Guy Bergès, and by Joaquín Molano Campuzano, from the book Cariba Malo (Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2012).A problem foretoldThis is not a new issue. For more than 18 years, the intermittent presence of illegal miners has been reported in the area. Between 1999 and 2002, along the borders of Cahuinarí National Natural Park, which neighbors Río Puré National Natural Park, a spate of illegal mining was documented by government agencies such as the national parks authority and the national Ombudsman’s Office. In just one joint action those agencies reported 26 rafts extracting alluvial gold along a roughly 430-kilometer (270-mile) stretch of the Caquetá River, which marks Río Puré National Natural Park’s northern border, between the towns of Puerto Santander and La Pedrera. Although the intensity of the mining invasion subsequently dropped, occasional entries into Cahuinarí National Natural Park were again reported in 2012 [pdf].Almost two decades since the presence of this criminal activity was first reported, illegal miners continue their foray into the territory. Pollution from the mercury they use to extract gold from sediment is contaminating the water sources that supply all the indigenous communities, including the isolated villages. In 2015, a number of organizations, including the national parks authority, the Corporation for the Sustainable Development of the Southern Amazon (CorpoAmazonia), USAID, the Amazonas state government, the University of Cartagena and the University of Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, came together to assess the impact of illegal mining on the people living next to the Caquetá River.The study revealed that the inhabitants of various Caquetá River communities had mean concentrations of mercury in their systems of between 15.4 and 19.7 micrograms per gram, or parts per million — extremely high compared with international standards indicating that a normal concentration is just 1 part per million. “These concentrations indicate a definite widespread problem along the river … They are the highest readings reported for Colombia,” the study reads.If things aren’t looking great for the Caquetá River region, neither are they for the Putumayo River region, and in particular for the nine indigenous communities of the Cotuhé Putumayo Reserve there. A study carried out there by the Amazonas government’s Department of Health in 2016 determined that 75 percent of the subjects presented with higher-than-acceptable mercury concentrations in their hair. Of four women the researchers examined whose children had some form of mental impairment, three had excessive mercury in their systems, suggesting, albeit inconclusively because of the small sample size, that the pollution may be having severe consequences for the community’s health and well-being.López, of OPIAC, confirmed the report’s finding and added that there have been complaints indicating that some children from the populations living by the Putumayo River and in the lower section of the Caquetá River could be being born with malformations. He said the plight of these villages gives cause for concern about the isolated tribes, primarily because the rainforest that shelters them feeds off three rivers that are polluted with mercury: the Caquetá, the Putumayo and the Puré.Bora indigenous people live close to the isolated indigenous groups on the border of Río Puré National Natural Park. Image courtesy of Etnias del Mundo.The task of combatting illegal mining is not an easy one. The rivers are very large with many branches that are difficult to police. The Caquetá River is more than 2,200 kilometers (1,360 miles) long and the Putumayo exceeds 1,800 kilometers (1,100 miles).“The miners move around a lot at night, they look for specific times,” said César Parra, the general in charge of the National Army’s Sixth Division, which operates in the region. “Sometimes they go out to work when it’s raining, as they know the Air Force’s crafts can’t fly in those conditions. And they use small rafts to hide themselves easily.” The Army has formed alliances with the Marine Infantry and the Air Force to confront the problem, Parra said.In Amazonas, everyone does what they can. While the Armed Forces sporadically deploy operatives to deter illegal mining, Darío Silva, president of the Indigenous Authorities of Pedrera-Amazonas (AIPEA), said that his community, the 212,000-hectare (523,900-acre) Curare Los Ingleses Reserve neighboring Río Puré National Natural Park, installed a control point last year to prevent the influx of miners and any other persons not native to the protected area, with the purpose of safeguarding the isolated populations.“Some rafts wanted to enter the Caquetá River… but they were forbidden from doing so,” Silva said.  “The idea is that we are the first to make contact with the isolated tribes, should they decide to leave [the reserve].”Silva said he believes all reserves should include the isolated villages in their management plans, as his community did by way of a resolution in 2013. “We must set aside an area for them, not only for the Yurí and the Passé, but we know there are others throughout Mirití-Paraná township, the Chiribiquete [National Natural] Park and close to our Witoto friends throughout Araracuara, in Puerto Santander,” he said.Core problemWhile illegal miners pollute the water and the fish that the isolated indigenous populations consume, illegal loggers fell the trees that give them refuge. “There are Colombians and Peruvians who exit authorized places and enter the protected zones in order to cut down the forest without permission,” said Patricia Suárez, an indigenous Murui from Amazonas department who has been supporting the National Indigenous Organization of Colombia’s (ONIC) Office for Human Rights since 2016. Suarez served as a delegate to support the technical and political aspects of the creation of Decree 1232, passed in July 2018, which seeks to protect the country’s isolated populations.While all mining carried out in Amazonas is illegal, the extraction of wood is permitted to some extent. Since 2011, a forestry reserve of 424,000 hectares (over 1 million acres) between the Puré and Putumayo rivers has been defined by CorpoAmazonia, which has permitted two associations and three individuals to extract forest resources from 8,000 of these hectares (nearly 20,000 acres). The problem, as the area’s indigenous groups warn, is that some people are using these permits to simply dodge the authorities and gain access to prohibited areas. Suárez described reports of loggers arriving in areas used by the isolated populations. This, she said, is her greatest concern.Illegal mining in the Caquetá River. Image by Rodrigo Botero – FCDS.Alfonso, the manager of the Río Puré park, said he favors there being an area of the reserve where wood can be legally extracted but regrets that CorpoAmazonia is unable to exercise enough authority to control illegal logging. “It is difficult to exercise governance in these areas,” he said. The permits CorpoAmazonia grants last for five years and the area is difficult to access, so representatives of the environmental authority travel every six months to monitor licenses. Anything can happen during their absence.Luis Fernando Cueva, manager of CorpoAmazonia’s Amazonas territory, made it clear that his organization does carry out monitoring, but acknowledged that there is no shortage of illegal activity. “We are receiving reports advising that other people are illegally benefiting, unrelated to those who are authorized to do so,” he said. “This is happening in areas adjacent to these sites. When this occurs, what we do is coordinate with the Armed Forces to get to these places.” He added that he also knows of indigenous communities that allow illegal loggers to access the reserves to cut down trees.The days of the outsidersThis human barrier the indigenous communities have created around the isolated villages to fight those who come in search of gold and wood also tries to prevent the entry of evangelicals. Christian groups have tried to make contact with the isolated populations on several occasions since the 1970s, up to the present day.  For Suárez of ONIC, López of OPIAC, Silva of AIPEA and Alfonso of Río Puré park this is a significant risk — and it is perhaps the most difficult to control.Alfonso told how, since 2015, park authorities have been receiving solid reports of religious groups around the reserve areas’ sand bars, the limits of river travel. “For example, as far as we know, the Baptist Church continues with the idea of sharing God with the isolated people. They have not withdrawn,” Alfonso said.Members of the NGO Amazon Conservation Team’s (ACT) Colombia program and the indigenous communities came together on two occasions to prevent this potential intervention. “The interest of some groups in making contact with the isolated populations is a threat, especially if it is taken into consideration that the isolated are very susceptible to the illnesses that outsiders may bring in,” said Carolina Gil, ACT’s director. “A few evangelical groups are interested in contacting them, and we have worked hard with the different government agencies to prevent this from happening,” she said.A traditional house of the Yurí and Passé isolated indigenous peoples. Image by Donald Fanning, from the book Cariba Malo.The first missionary to arrive in this region was Donald Fanning, from the Baptist Church, who lived in the township of La Pedrera between 1974 and 1978. Fanning frequently traveled in his light aircraft over the forests of Amazonas to provide health care to the indigenous communities. According to the book Cariba Malo by the late political scientist Roberto Franco, in one of his flyovers Fanning noticed six isolated maloca houses, of different types, in the Puré and Bernardo river basins. From that moment on he was determined to convert the people who lived there to Christianity and to also teach them to use items useful to people living in the outside world, such as hammocks and mosquito nets. The information filtered through about what he was planning to do, and the Colombian Institute of Anthropology intervened and banned the expedition.Guaranteeing the right of the communities to remain in isolation is fundamental, especially to avoid repeating the story of the Nukak Makú, a nomadic people contacted by missionaries of the Nuevas Tribus Mission sect in 1981. The contact led to them contracting illnesses, and the arrival of the now-defunct FARC guerrilla group forced them to abandon their territory, which was then overrun with anti-personnel mines. Now they are on the brink of extinction.Corridors of violenceSilva of AIPEAand the Curare Los Ingleses Reserve told how on many occasions he heard ex-FARC guerrillas say they had seen the isolated indigenous people from afar. Despite the armed group seeming to have had a level of respect toward these populations, in Silva’s opinion it was still worrying that they were so close. With the signing of a peace agreement between the rebels and the government in November 2016, it was thought this matter would cease to be of concern. But that wasn’t the case. The Amazon become a battlefield in which groups on the fringes of the law fought over territory and corridors for taking drugs to other countries. The Yurí and Passé isolated indigenous populations were in the middle of all this fighting.“Although the Los Caqueteños criminal group principally operates in Amazonas, there is also the presence of the old First Front of the FARC. They profit from taking wood and coca paste out through the rivers, which is an unlawful activity,” said Parra.Rivers in Amazonas, such as the Apaporis and the Caquetá, are key to the armed groups as they enable them to access protected areas, move cocaine and weaponry, and provide a natural exit to Brazil, according to a report by the Bogotá-based Ideas for Peace Foundation (FIP by its Spanish acronym). The presence of the First Front in Amazonas is alarming, first and foremost because it was one of the parent structures of the FARC guerrillas and because it continued to commit violent acts after the peace agreement, between 2016 and 2018.In its investigation, FIP indicated that the First Front would be opening new drug-trafficking routes through the northern Amazonas department, specifically in a zone adjacent to Río Puré National Natural Park, home to the isolated indigenous people.The indigenous Witoto people live close to where there are indications of isolated indigenous populations. Image by León Darío Peláez courtesy of Semana magazine.Suárez of ONIC said the most worrying thing is that by hijacking the territory, the illegal armed groups may harm the isolated people. “The FARC guerrilla had an ideology, there was someone who told them what to do and what not to do. This can’t be done with the dissidents, it is very difficult to achieve a consensus,” she said with sorrow.Avoiding contact with outsiders is imperative. The isolated indigenous people know that the outside world is hostile. After all, the one time they associated with people from outside their community, there was death, violence and abduction. That episode occurred in 1969, when, in the middle of an expedition searching for animal skins, a hunter named Julián Gil chanced upon a Yurí maloca house.  He entered the sacred house and since then, according to accounts, his whereabouts remain unknown. Several days after his disappearance, his work team and the authorities went in search of him. This armed rescue operation had a fatal ending: five members of the isolated indigenous group were killed and another six were arrested, and had to be freed two months later. It was Franco, the late political scientist and author, who managed to unite all the testimonies that proved the existence of the Yurí.‘We’ll be killed defending what’s ours’The fight to defend the indigenous territory continues unrelentingly. Suárez, of the Murui, and other indigenous Amazon leaders claim they are being killed for defending their forest and seeking an end to these criminal structures.“Every day we report members of the communities who are dying to protect their territory, who are threatened and displaced, but nothing happens. This is a way of wiping us out. So, we decided if we are killed, we’ll be killed defending what’s ours,” Suárez said. She added that it feels as though Colombians haven’t understood that what is going on in the Amazon region and its villages affects the country’s entire population.Carolina Gil of ACT agreed. The region, known as a lung of the world, is a large sponge saturated with water into which people are dumping mercury. Sooner or later, it will have an impact on the communities, the fauna and flora of this ecosystem. “The Amazon plays a very important role in terms of balance — including the climate — and the production of water. What is happening over there may affect the moorland system of the Andean region, from where the majority of Colombians take their water. It is seen as a very distant area, like a green stain on the map, but people have to understand that we are able to have safe drinking water thanks to the health of the Amazon,” she said.While the authorities decide what action to take to stop the harm to the forest and the people living there, the communities are looking for a way to survive. Pollution is of such grave concern that, upon discovering the high levels of mercury in their bodies, some indigenous people are choosing to isolate themselves. Quite possibly, they noticed, the solution to their ills was to follow the example of the uncontacted isolated indigenous populations, like the Yurí. They decided to return to their own land as a way of persisting.They are hoping nobody finds them.Banner image by Cristóbal von Rothkirch, from the book Cariba Malo.This article was first published by Mongabay Latam. Edits by Rebecca Kessler. FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Rebecca Kesslercenter_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more