Don’t let HIV ravage a generation poised to transform Africa

first_imgFirst OpinionDon’t let HIV ravage a generation poised to transform Africa Newsletters Sign up for First Opinion A weekly digest of our opinion column, with insight from industry experts. Related: The Goalkeepers report focused on Zimbabwe for another reason in addition to its success against HIV: More than half its population is aged 25 or younger, which means they’re entering the time of life when they are most at risk of infection with HIV. Trending Now: Zimbabwe isn’t unique in this regard. Globally, the largest generation of young people in human history is approaching that vulnerable age — a trend that’s most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa.advertisement I started my medical training in San Francisco in 1982. Like many of my colleagues at that time, I found myself at the center of a terrifying public health crisis, in which a then-unknown virus was killing young men at an alarming rate. Although I was preparing to be an internist and oncologist, I also became an AIDS doctor. That work eventually took me to Uganda to help care for people with HIV/AIDS as the epidemic took hold there.I am still fighting this scourge, only now on a larger scale, leading the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Our latest Goalkeepers report, a look at the most consequential trends and data in global health and development, focuses on Zimbabwe as an example of the enormous progress that has been made against HIV/AIDS since those dark early days.At the height of its epidemic in 1997, a shocking 1 in 4 adults in Zimbabwe — roughly 1.5 million people, about the size of the population of Philadelphia — were infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. So the country made a dedicated push to say we’re not going to be victims of HIV; we’re going to invest in treatment and prevention. As a result, HIV infections are down 49 percent since 2010 and AIDS-related deaths are down by 45 percent. These achievements have done much to transform the country, despite political and economic turmoil.advertisement Comparing the Covid-19 vaccines developed by Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson The good news is that this generation is the healthiest and most educated the continent has ever seen. No previous generation has been so well-equipped to build strong communities, drive economic growth in their countries, and expand the limits of human possibility.With the right investments in health and education, these young people will lead a new wave of economic progress in sub-Saharan Africa that matches what we have witnessed in China starting in the 1990s and India in the 2000s.The promise of progress is incredible, but it won’t happen if this generation is ravaged by HIV. And the stark reality is that we won’t prevent another crisis if we just keeping doing what we’re already doing. It won’t even be enough to expand our efforts with the methods and medicines currently available to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, although that’s also an urgent priority. About the Author Reprints Sue Desmond-Hellmanncenter_img @SueDHellmann For the first time, over half of people worldwide with HIV taking AIDS drugs By Sue Desmond-Hellmann Sept. 18, 2018 Reprints Leave this field empty if you’re human: Making such preventive measures extensively available could avert up to 364,000 new cases of HIV among 15- to 29-year-olds in Zimbabwe by 2050, according to data modeling carried out by a team from Imperial College London for the Goalkeepers report. That’s 364,000 more young Zimbabweans who can become leaders, activists, entrepreneurs, and innovators to carry the country forward.The case is clear. If we keep doing the same things, the same way, we run the serious risk of a resurgent HIV/AIDS epidemic that will rob people in the world’s poorest places of the chance for long, healthy, productive lives — that’s the peril. The potential is that discovering, developing, and delivering more effective treatments and prevention methods for HIV/AIDS will unleash healthy, thriving young populations that will build healthy, thriving economies.Sue Desmond-Hellmann, M.D., is the CEO of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Please enter a valid email address. A medic tests a truck driver for HIV inside a Doctors Without Borders van along along the Beira “corridor,” a strip of land running from the Indian Ocean port of Beira in Mozambique to Zimbabwe’s eastern border. GIANLUIGI GUERCIA/AFP/Getty Images The truth is, we must find new and better ways to dramatically accelerate progress on HIV/AIDS and start to turn ideas into solutions more quickly.That demands aggressive, sustained investment in global health research and development into new methods for preventing HIV by governments, private enterprise, and philanthropic foundations like ours. These can take many forms. One is more effective and longer-lasting drugs, known as long-acting pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), that can stop HIV from taking hold and spreading throughout the body. Another is exploring advances in immunology and the possibility that they can be trained against HIV. And then there is the medics’ holy grail: a vaccine.It will take time before anything truly revolutionary becomes available. But at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, we are confident that a new and better PrEP can be available in about five years’ time. And there are two large-scale clinical trials (called Uhambo and Imbokodo) underway to test potential HIV vaccine candidates. Privacy Policy Tags drug developmentglobal healthinfectious diseaseVaccineslast_img read more

An effort to strike out DUI

first_imgHomeNewsCrimeAn effort to strike out DUI Feb. 15, 2016 at 6:55 amCrimeAn effort to strike out DUIJeff Goodman5 years agoNewsSanta Monicasanta monica news Local products Tyler Skaggs and Lucas Giolito have hurled thousands of pitches during their respective baseball careers, but the ones they threw at Memorial Park earlier this month weren’t aimed at a catcher’s mitt behind home plate.These were pitches of the promotional variety, made not with baseballs but with brief messages to the Santa Monica community and the general public about the perils of drunk driving.Wearing the caps of the teams for which they play, Skaggs, Giolito and brothers Tyler and Scott Heineman served as spokesmen for the Santa Monica Police Department as they filmed short public service announcements to help local officials address an alcohol-related problem that persists within city limits.Authorities enlisted the help of the talented Santa Monica Little League alumni with the hope that their collective star power will broaden the reach of the campaign through social media.The videos are one component of the police department’s “Choose Your Ride” initiative, which encourages people who have been drinking to pay for a cab instead of ending up in the back seat of a squad car.Throughout the year, law enforcement personnel try a variety of strategies to address alcohol-related issues. They use grant funding on checkpoints to nab drunk drivers and enforce other rules of the road. They also work with the state Alcoholic Beverage Control department to catch adults who knowingly buy liquor for minors.During the recent holiday season, police placed a specially designed vehicle at popular gathering places in Santa Monica like Main Street the Third Street Promenade. The front half of the car is painted like a police cruiser. The back half is made to look like a yellow taxi.“We really did receive good feedback because it’s a great conversation piece, so we asked [Chief Jacqueline Seabrooks] to extend it as we go into Cinco de Mayo and Fourth of July,” Sgt. Rudy Camarena said. “These are celebrations where you have alcohol consumption, and we want to make sure we continue the message: to think before you drink. … “the idea is that you choose your ride or the police will choose your destination.”Efforts by local police to crack down on alcohol-related problems are nothing new. More than 15 years ago, Camarena and his former police partner, now-retired lieutenant Steve Heineman, were assigned to investigate vice and narcotics crimes throughout the city. Several bars and other establishments with alcohol sales permits were closed as a result of their work, Heineman said.“These places were taking an inordinate amount of resources and time,” said Heineman, whose sons play in the minor leagues. “It became a real issue.”Despite modest progress in recent years, drunk driving remains a significant problem in Santa Monica. Local police made 168 DUI arrests last year, according to department data, down slightly from 176 in 2014. And officers took 459 calls for service involving drunk driving in 2015, a dip from the 549 calls logged a year earlier.The message of the “Choose Your Ride” campaign is not lost on Skaggs, a Los Angeles Angels pitcher who said he has a few friends who have paid the price for driving drunk.“It’s so much cheaper to just get a cab,” he said.Giolito, a top prospect in the Washington Nationals organization, said he was happy to assist police to curb drunk driving.“It’s hugely important,” he said. “You want people to have their lives, to not risk anything. Especially with drunk driving, it’s a problem I’d like to see gone.”[email protected] :NewsSanta Monicasanta monica newsshare on Facebookshare on Twitteradd a commentLocal exec judging entrepreneur awards contestCouncil stiffs residents, againYou Might Also LikeBriefsNewsInput Invited for Marine Park Improvement ProjectsGuest Author2 days agoBriefsNewsPublic Health Emphasizes the Importance of Vaccinations as Distancing and Masking Guidelines Relax Next WeekGuest Author2 days agoBriefsNews“Righting Our Wrongs” performance on June 11Guest Author2 days agoBriefsNewsSEATTLE Feds plan to curtail West Coast salmon fishing to help orcasGuest Author2 days agoBriefsNewsBeach House Begins Community Re-Opening June 15Guest Author2 days agoColumnsFeaturedNewsOpinionWhat’s the Point?whats the pointGAY PRIDE MONTH IS HERE FOR ALL OF USDavid Pisarra2 days agolast_img read more