Solar powers Brazil’s World Cup

first_imgSolar powers Brazil’s World CupThe countdown for the largest, costliest and arguably most controversial World Cup tournament to date has started and football fans are looking forward to Thursday’s opening ceremony and inaugural match between host nation Brazil and Croatia at the Arena de Sao Paulo. June 12, 2014 Ilias Tsagas Community Events Installations Manufacturing Markets Markets & Policy Modules & Upstream Manufacturing Brazil Central & South America Image: Flickr/Rodnei ReisShare For the following month, the world is expected to keep its eyes on the 2014 World Cup’s 80 football matches between the 32 participant nations. Brazil and Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) officials are hoping attention will stay on the pitch and not on Brazil’s streets, often filled by locals protesting against the Cup’s over-budget and alleged ill management in a country accused of under-funding educational and health care systems. Despite the controversies of this year’s World Cup there is an element Brazil can be proud of: This is the greenest World Cup in football’s history. And the main reason behind its green credentials is solar PV. Overall, of the tournament’s 12 venues, only three are currently equipped with solar photovoltaic installations, although a further two stadiums are soon going to install PV systems. Specifically, Arena Pernambuco in the city of Recife recently completed a 1 MW PV installation with panels provided by China’s Yingli Green Energy. The Mineirao Stadium in the city of Belo Horizonte also boasts a 1.4 MW rooftop PV system built in 2013 by Portugal’s Martifer Solar. Yingli Green Energy also partnered with Light ESCO, EDF Consultoria and the State of Rio de Janeiro to install PV modules at the Estadio do Maracana in the city of Rio de Janeiro — the venue for the tournament’s final match on July 13. The PV system “has a 400 kW installed capacity, consisting of approximately 2,500 square meters of photovoltaic panels on the surface covering the stadium terraces and can reach a generation of 500 megawatt hours per year supplying 3% of the stadium’s power requirements,” Fabiana Castro, communication officer of Maracana’s operating company, told pv magazine. Two more PV systems will be installed at Brazil’s FIFA World Cup stadiums. A spokesperson for the World Cup from Brazil’s federal government told pv magazine that “Brasilia’s National Stadium Mane Garrincha will be equipped with a PV system and the solar panels will be installed in 2014, after the World Cup.” The installation “will have about 9,600 photovoltaic panels with capacity to generate 2.5 MW, corresponding to the supply of almost 2,000 households per day,” the spokesperson added. “After its installation, the stadium will be the first in the world to be self-sufficient in energy production and also able to use the surplus energy in other parts of the city.” Brazil’s federal government announced in April that a Brazilian consortium formed by Siner Engenharia e Comercio Ltda and Ebes Sistemas de Energia Sa had won the tender for the Mane Garrincha Stadium PV system, which will cover 75% of the stadium’s rooftop surface. Gustavo Junqueira, operation manager of Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova in the city of Salvador, told pv magazine that after the World Cup, Salvador’s stadium “will install 500 kW of solar PV, capable of generating 750 megawatt hours per year and equivalent to the average consumption of 3,000 Brazilians.” The project, Junqueira said, will require an investment of around BRL 5.5 million ($2.5 million) and will use flexible panels installed on the compression ring of the roof. “The installation of the solar plant will reduce energy consumption in the arena by 10%,” Junqueira added. The operating companies of some Brazilian stadiums preferred to stress that although they do not currently own photovoltaic systems to generate electricity, they do use solar systems for heating their water. This is the case at the Pantanal Arena in Cuiaba, whose operator told pv magazine that “structural integrity tests have also been done on the arena and if in the future there is a decision to do install solar modules, there will not be a problem to install them.” Greener future World Cups? Simon Trace, chairman of the British non-governmental organization Practical Action pointed out that “on the one hand, the organizers and FIFA are to be congratulated for making a considerable financial investment and making this the greenest World Cup in history. However, it is also an indictment of the investment in renewable energy in the developing world that there are 10 competing countries that do not even produce as much solar energy as a single World Cup stadium.” Trace’s comment refers to Brasilia’s stadium, which once completed will boast a 2.5 MW PV system. Practical Action said that “Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Cameroon, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Iran, Ivory Coast and Uruguay all produce less solar power than the 2.5 MW solar capability of the Estadio Nacional Mane Garrincha in Brasilia.” Others though have argued that although Brazil’s World Cup is an improvement compared to past tournaments green-wise, the outcome is far from impressive. Solar PV in total has spread widely since the 2010 World Cup, but for a tournament accused of over-spending and which reached a total budget of some $11.5 billion, 5.9 MW of solar power is rather little, critics argue. The 2014 World Cup matches will be played in the following twelve venues: Arena Amazonia in Manaus, Arena Castelao in Fortaleza, Estadio das Dunas in Natal, Arena Pernambuco in Recife, Arena Fonte Nova in Salvador, National Stadium Mane Garrincha in Brasilia, Pantanal Arena in Cuiaba, Mineirao Stadium in Belo Horizonte, Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Arena Corinthians in Sao Paulo (Arena de Sao Paulo), Arena de Baixada in Curitiba and Estadio Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre.Popular content The Hydrogen Stream: 20 MW green hydrogen plant in Finland, two Australian projects move forward Sergio Matalucci 20 April 2021 pv-magazine.com Storegga, Shell and Harbour Energy want to set up a 20 MW blue hydrogen production facility in the U.K. Australia’s Origin Energy wants to build a hy… Enabling aluminum in batteries Mark Hutchins 27 April 2021 pv-magazine.com Scientists in South Korea and the UK demonstrated a new cathode material for an aluminum-ion battery, which achieved impressive results in both speci… ITRPV: Large formats are here to stay Mark Hutchins 29 April 2021 pv-magazine.com The 2021 edition of the International Technology Roadmap for Photovoltaics (ITRPV) was published today by German engineering association VDMA. 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The part about the attempted suicide VII

first_imgFULL SPECIAL REPORTBy Jorge BarreraAPTN National NewsMichael Chamas said he met Nicolas Anthis and Daniele Guarino on a Tuesday in the lobby of the luxurious Four Seasons Hotel in Milan, Italy.The hotel is a renovated 15th Century convent near Milan’s financial and shopping districts.Anthis carried an upscale shopping bag with more than 300,000 euros inside. He handed it to Chamas, who in turn gave it to his driver to put in the hotel room. The men then went to a restaurant before moving on for some drinks to cap the night.The next morning, Sept. 19, 2007, Chamas and his driver drove back to Switzerland in a Mercedes. The car was stopped by Swiss customs agents at the Brogeda-Chiasso border crossing.They took the men’s passports and asked the driver to park the car.“I said have 300,000 euros with me from this guy who owed me money,” said Chamas. “They say, ‘we cannot let you go, we have to verify.’ All of a sudden we see police come in and (they) say ‘you are under arrest to make sure you are not laundering.’”Chamas was arrested by police from the Swiss canton of Ticino. They suspected him of money laundering because he did not have the proper documentation detailing the source of the money, according to a copy of the Swiss police report obtained by APTN National News.The customs agents took the euros, 29 credit cards and a file Chamas carried on the Laurentian Bank.Swiss authorities also froze $2 million US in one of his UBS Bank of Zurich accounts. Most of the money in the account originated from Canada, according to Swiss investigators who relayed the information to the RCMP.Chamas was transported to Ferrera, which is about 130 kilometres north of the Swiss-Italian border, according to the report.The report noted that he had three companies in Switzerland, Fidelis Group Holding, Fidelis Trust and Equitycap.Police also discovered that he had previously been part of company with a convicted money launderer named Edoardo Morandi and they wanted to investigate the relationship.Chamas had also been investigated in France for suspected fraudulent activity, the report said.Chamas said the RCMP contacted French police in the mid-1990s after he left Canada for a short time and authorities launched an investigation.Chamas said he spent the first night in a cell with a “crazy” guy accused of murder. The next morning he said he was questioned and then put in another cell by himself.Chamas said he was questioned in a room with a one-way mirror covering one wall. He said the police interrogator asked him about his business dealings in Canada, Dubai and other parts of the world like Venezuela.Chamas said he faced the same routine for two weeks. Every morning he was taken from his cell and questioned until about 5 p.m.Throughout his questioning, the interrogator would often be interrupted by calls to his cell phone. The interrogator would then leave the room and Chamas said he would overhear a conversation with someone named “Mark.”Sometimes the interrogator would return and abruptly change his line of questioning after these phone calls.“It was always Mark, Mark,” said Chamas. “He would never ask me (anything) without going to talk to this guy Mark.”Chamas said he believes Mark was an RCMP officer working on the Operation Cancun file and tracking Guarino and Anthis, who were both under surveillance.The daily interrogations took a psychological toll, said Chamas.One night, Chamas said he asked for a pencil and wrote a suicide note to his wife and children on the back of the piece of paper outlining the allegations against him of money laundering.Among the hundreds of documents seized by police when they raided Chamas’ house on March 26, 2008, was a five-page suicide letter dated Sept. 21, 2007, court records show.He said he then tried to attach the bed sheet to the window in his cell to hang himself.“I put a chair up to it,” he said. “They saw that…they took me and beat the hell out of me and put me in an isolated cell with no windows, nothing.”Chamas said he then started to bang his head against the wall and refused to eat. He said he was injected with an unknown substance.“They were (injecting) me all the time,” said Chamas.Anthis eventually provided Chamas’ lawyer with documentation on the source of the money which was Anthis’ bank account, he said.He was released On Oct. 4 and ordered to pay a fine of 50,000 Swiss francs, according to the RCMP affidavit used to obtain the search warrant on Chamas’ house in Lorrain, Que., on March 26, [email protected]last_img read more